The key word in â€˜personal statementâ€™ is, well, â€˜personalâ€™.
Itâ€™s the only part of a university admissions form that gives the applicant an opportunity to talk about themselves, their passions and interests, and really give a sense of who they are as a person. It is crucial to get this part of the application right to ensure your child has the best chance of getting into their chosen university.
What is a Personal Statement?
A personal statement is like a 4,000 character showcase for a student: a cover page that allows university applicants to demonstrate why they should be given a place at their chosen college. It forms part of the wider submission that students make through UCAS, the UK university admissions service.
Planning a Personal Statement
The biggest mistake a student could make is to sit down and write their personal statement without preparation: this is unlikely to result in a polished, concise piece. Instead, weâ€™d recommend that parents sit down with their children and spend time pulling together the key information.
Points to consider:
- Why do they want to study this subject? Demonstrate passion through evidence: examples of things theyâ€™ve read, lectures theyâ€™ve been to, or pieces of work theyâ€™ve crafted that have ignited their interest.
- Why this particular course? Make sure to read up on the course criteria for each university and note down general themes (nothing too specific, unless your child is applying for only one).
- What extracurricular activities have they done that make them stand out? Work experience, volunteering, DoFE, etc.
- What skills do they have?
- What are their hobbies? Music, sport, etc.
- Have they won any awards?
- What are they like as a person – what is their work ethic like?
How to Structure a Personal Statement
Now that youâ€™ve gathered all the necessary information, itâ€™s time to start putting together a first draft. The â€˜ABC ruleâ€™ is one that is favoured by many tutors and educators: Action, Benefit and Course. What this means is following a structure that demonstrates â€“ at every point â€“ how the applicant has taken action to further their interest in the subject (or their general learning capabilities), what has been taken away from that experience, and how this relates back to their desired course and future plans. It is worth keeping a reminder of the â€˜ABC ruleâ€™ at your fingertips to ensure that this model is followed throughout.
We recommend adhering to the following loose structure when writing a personal statement:
- Introduction: why do I want to study this course at university? Donâ€™t get too bogged down with the idea of a perfect opening line, here: the important thing is to be concise, avoid clichÃ©s, and get straight to the point. Remember, too, that a personal statement is seen by all UCAS choices so itâ€™s not a good idea to mention anything too specific regarding an individual course.
- Part two: academic background. Some careers tutors say that this section should take up 75% of the statement: however itâ€™s weighted, itâ€™s certainly the most important bit. However, this doesnâ€™t necessarily need to be limited to subjects taken at school â€“ it could also extend to work experience that is relevant to the course (particularly important for competitive subject like law and medicine, where most applicants will have high grades).
- Part three: your subject beyond the classroom. In this section, itâ€™s good to talk about how the subject has been engaged with outside of school, and any extra-curricular events that have sparked the student’s interest: articles or books that have been read, places that have been visited, etc.
- Part four: work experience, hobbies and interests. This section could include work experience (if this experience didnâ€™t relate specifically to the applicantâ€™s chosen subject), as well as special skills and interests (musical examinations, awards that have been won, etc.).
- Section five: conclusion. A summation of all the key points, relating back to the applicantâ€™s chosen subject and course. If your son or daughter has a keen sense of what theyâ€™d like to do after university â€“ becoming a teacher, for instance â€“ they should outline how studying their chosen course will help them achieve future goals.
Polishing a Personal Statement
The first draft is unlikely to be perfect so itâ€™s a good idea to encourage your child to get the first draft written well ahead of the deadline. Make it clear that you will need to go through a few drafts before itâ€™s finished and that they shouldnâ€™t lose heart â€“ itâ€™s quite a long process, but a good experience for the future (they may well have to write dissertations or work on long projects at university which will necessitate lots of rounds of editing, too!).
You can help by being on hand to proofread and check the draft(s) through. Here are few things to keep in mind whilst youâ€™re assessing their writing:
- Is it concise? A personal statement offers only a limited amount of characters to get across a great deal of information, so it pays to adopt an economical writing style. When reading through the statement, consider every sentence and ask yourself: does each word in this sentence add something? If it doesnâ€™t, strike it out. It sounds brutal, but with so few words to make an impression with, every single word counts (so say good bye to the â€˜howeversâ€™ and â€˜furthermoresâ€™!).
- Be truthful. Students are desperate to impress with their personal statement, and as such itâ€™s tempting to elaborate. You must encourage your son or daughter to be 100% genuine â€“ even if it means quizzing them on certain parts of the statement to ensure they are being honest. At interview, students can easily be caught out if their statement isnâ€™t truthful, so this must be avoided at all costs.
- Avoid clichÃ©s. Itâ€™s difficult to convey passion without descending into hyperbole or relying or clichÃ©s, but itâ€™s important that the statement strikes the right balance. Cohesive, crisp writing will serve your child best when itâ€™s time for the statement to be reviewed. Remember that admissions tutors have thousands of personal statements to read: they will be more easily won over by a statement that is easy to read than one that is full of emotive waffle.
- Proof for punctuation and grammar errors. This sounds obvious, but even a stray comma can have an impact on how the statement is viewed as a whole, so do check carefully. Mistakes are easy to miss when re-reading the same passages over and over again, as your son or daughter will have – a fresh pair of eyes can work wonders!